美國醫學協會呼吁全面禁止電子煙

    The American Medical Association has called for an immediate ban on all electronic cigarettes and vaping devices.
    美國醫學協會呼吁立即禁止所有電子煙及電子煙設備。

    The group made the policy decision at a meeting Tuesday in San Diego, California. It aims to push for state and federal laws and legal action to put a ban in place.
    該組織周二在加州圣地亞哥舉行的會議上作出了這一政策決定。它旨在推動州和聯邦法律以及法律訴訟來實施這一禁令。

    However, the industry is sure to fight back.
    然而,電子煙行業肯定會做出反擊。

    The AMA cited a quick rise in use of e-cigarettes and other vaping devices among young people. The devices heat a liquid into a gas or vapor. Most products contain nicotine.
    美國醫學協會指出吸電子煙的年輕人迅速增加。這些設備將液體加熱為氣體或蒸汽。大多數產品都含有尼古丁。

    "It's simple, we must keep nicotine products out of the hands of young people," Dr. Patrice Harris, AMA's president, said in a statement.
    美國醫學協會會長帕特里斯·哈里斯博士在一份聲明中表示:“很簡單,我們必須讓年輕人遠離尼古丁產品。”

    The doctors' group added that it has another reason for taking the position — the recent U.S. spread of lung diseases linked to vaping. Most of those sickened said they vaped THC, the part of marijuana that creates a "high" –- not nicotine.
    這家醫生組織還說,采取這種立場還有一個原因,與吸電子煙相關的肺部疾病最近正在美國蔓延。大多數患者稱他們吸食了維生素E醋酸鹽,這是造成興奮的大麻成分,而并非是尼古丁。

    Officials believe a thickening substance used in illegally sold THC vaping products may have caused the lung conditions. About 2,100 people have gotten sick. Forty-two people have died.
    官員們認為可能是非法銷售的維生素E醋酸鹽電子煙產品中使用的增稠物質導致了肺部疾病。大約有2100人患病。已經有42人死亡。

    The disease spread has "shined a light on the fact that we have very little evidence about the short- and long-term health consequences of e-cigarettes and vaping products," Harris said.
    哈里斯稱這種疾病的蔓延“揭露了我們對電子煙及電子煙產品的短期或長期健康影響沒有太多證據。”

    The AMA has also sought bans on e-cigarette flavors and advertisements.
    美國醫學協會還尋求禁止電子煙香精和廣告。

    Some observers say the AMA's position has problems. And they say there is little chance of gaining a full federal ban.
    一些觀察家表示,美國醫學協會的立場存在問題。他們還說,獲得全面聯邦禁令的可能性很小。

    Jonathan Foulds is a tobacco dependency specialist at Penn State University. He said he would support the AMA's position "if they were seeking a ban on all tobacco products that are smoked, including e-cigarettes."
    喬納森·福爾德是賓夕法尼亞州立大學的煙草依賴性專家。他稱如果美國醫學協會尋求禁止包括電子煙在內的所有香煙產品,他就會支持該協會的立場。

    But he added, "right now, nicotine electronic cigarettes are competing with and replacing the most harmful legal product in this country."
    但是他說:“目前,尼古丁電子煙正在跟美國最有害的合法香煙產品競爭并試圖取代它們。”

    Gregory Conley is president of the American Vaping Association. He said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has made it clear that its concern is black market THC oil containers sold by drug dealers. He said it would be a mistake to listen to "misguided" supporters of a ban.
    格里高利·康利是美國電子煙協會的會長。他說,美國疾病預防控制中心已經明確表示,他們擔心的是毒品販子銷售的黑市上的維生素E醋酸鹽油容器。他說,聽從禁令支持者的“誤導”是錯誤的。

    He said, "The evidence continues to indicate that adult smokers who switch to nicotine vaping products greatly improve their health."
    他說:“有證據繼續表明,改用尼古丁霧化產品極大地改善了成年煙民的健康。”

    The AMA policy calls for a ban on vaping products not approved to help people quit. That would mean a ban on all vaping products, as there are no products approved as such in the United States.
    美國醫學協會要求禁止未獲得幫助人們戒煙認證的電子煙產品。這意味著禁止所有的霧化產品,因為美國尚未批準此類產品。

    Stephanie Caccomo, an FDA press officer, said the agency promises to do "everything we can to prevent kids from using tobacco products."
    美國食品藥品管理局的新聞官員斯蒂芬妮·卡科莫表示,該機構承諾“竭盡所能防止兒童使用煙草制品。”

    Juul Labs, the nation's biggest e-cigarette maker, did not immediately answer a request for comment from the AP.
    美國最大的電子煙廠商Juul Labs尚未立即回應美聯社的置評請求。

    E-cigarettes first appeared in the United States more than 10 years ago and are popular today. Possible long-term effects of vaping are unknown.
    電子煙于十多年前首次出現在美國,如今很流行。抽電子煙的長期影響尚不明確。

    The FDA has been widely criticized for repeatedly delaying its plan to begin examining thousands of vaping products on the market. The start of the investigation is now set for May 2020.
    美國食品藥品管理局因為一再推遲核查市場上的數千種霧化產品的計劃而受到了廣泛批評。該局現在定于2020年5月開始調查。

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