[ti:Brazil's Lula to Go Back to Jail or Run for President]
[00:00.04]Former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva walked out of jail last week.
[00:07.60]The Brazilian politician known as Lula was released after the country's Supreme Court
[00:14.25]ruled that a person can be put in prison only after all appeals have been tried.
[00:22.08]Now, Lula could either return to prison or campaign to again become president.
[00:29.72]Current president Jair Bolsonaro is unpopular.
[00:33.70]But, Lula's newly found freedom may increase political tension in South America's biggest country.
[00:43.40]Also, a group of Supreme Court justices will soon hear an appeal from Lula's defense lawyers.
[00:52.56]The lawyers say that the judge who ruled on the corruption charges against Lula did not act fairly.
[01:01.56]Judge Sergio Moro sent Lula to jail after finding him guilty
[01:07.00]in the corruption investigation known as "Operation Car Wash."
[01:12.28]Seventy-four-year-old Lula had been in prison for 19 months of a nearly nine-year sentence.
[01:21.44]He is also facing several other corruption charges.
[01:27.28]If the Supreme Court justices overturn Lula's several convictions, he will be permitted to run for office.
[01:37.04]He might run as the Workers' Party candidate in the 2022 presidential election.
[01:44.76]However, if he loses the appeal on any one of his other corruption charges, he could return to prison.
[01:54.92]Following last week's Supreme Court ruling,
[01:58.12]lawmakers have said they want a constitutional amendment
[02:02.91]requiring jail time for a person who loses their first appeal.
[02:09.40]Both the Lower house and Senate are examining constitutional amendments on this subject.
[02:17.72]However, nothing is likely to happen this year
[02:21.68]because constitutional amendments take longer to pass than normal bills.
[02:28.96]The charge that Moro ruled unfairly against Lula had been stalled since December of 2018.
[02:37.57]At that time, Supreme Court Justices Edson Fachin and Carmen Lucia took a stand against it.
[02:46.11]Justice Gilmar Mendes requested another look at the case.
[02:51.35]He spoke with Reuters in August.
[02:55.80]"Annuling (Lula's) conviction...as a result of (Moro's role),
[03:00.20]will lead to a new trial. That could happen," Mendes said.
[03:04.77]"The right verdict is not just a guilty verdict. This is not correct.
[03:10.23]We have to recognize that we owe Lula a fair trial."
[03:16.20]Many Brazilians who voted for Bolsonaro in 2018 support Operation Car Wash.
[03:23.36]The wide-reaching corruption investigation started in 2014.
[03:30.52]It has found wrongdoing in several South American countries
[03:35.28]and has put Lula and other Brazilian politicians in jail.
[03:40.96]I'm Jonathan Evans. 更多聽力請訪問51VOA.COM